Rudolph William Louis Giuliani known popularly as Rudy Giuliani is an American politician and attorney. He was the 107th Mayor of New York City for 7 years from 1994 to 2001.
Earlier he worked as the United States Associate Attorney General for 2 years from 1981 to 1983 and 7 years from 1983 to 1989 as the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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Here is all that you need to know about Rudy Giuliani
Giuliani began his career in politics as a Democrat. In 1968, he volunteered for Robert F. Kennedy’s presidential campaign and worked as a Democratic Party committeeman. In 1989, he lost the campaign as the Mayor of New York City. However, he won the campaign in the year 1993 and was elected as Mayor then.
He was again elected in the next term in 1997 with “tough on crime” as the main theme of his campaign in the second term. During his term as Mayor, he led New York’s controversial “civic cleanup” program. Giuliani’s primary focus was on getting rid of sex clubs and panhandlers from Times Square.
He encouraged the “family values” vibe and focused on improving the business environment along with other things like theater, arts, etc. He was credited for bringing down the crime rate in the city below the national average however some critics cited other factors that played role in the decrease in the crime rate.
During the election campaign for the seat of Senate from NYC in 2000 against First Lady Hillary Clinton, he had to leave the race in the middle as he was diagnosed with prostate cancer.
He was called by people as “America’s mayor” for displaying his leadership skills as a mayor post deadly September 11 terrorist attacks in the year 2001. He was named Time magazine’s Person of the Year in the year 2001 by US-based News magazine, Time Magazine.
About his contribution to the city of New York, Historian Vincent J. Cannato said, “With time, Giuliani’s legacy will be based on more than just 9/11. He left a city immeasurably better off – safer, more prosperous, more confident – than the one he had inherited eight years earlier, even with the smoldering ruins of the World Trade Center at its heart. Debates about his accomplishments will continue, but the significance of his mayoralty is hard to deny.”
Giuliani founded Giuliani Partners, a security consulting business in the year 2002. Giuliani also started his career as a speaker charging as high as $200,000 per engagement. After a few years, he joined Bracewell & Giuliani law firm in 2005.
He did not garner many votes in the 2008 presidential nomination representing the Republic party. He later endorsed the party’s candidate John McCain for the president post. He stayed away from active politics from 2010 onwards and was busy managing the operations of his business firms.
In 2018, he joined the personal legal team of President Donald Trump that led to extensive scrutiny by Media firms as there were allegations that he is involved in corruption and profiteering.
Trump tweeted, “I look forward to Mayor Giuliani spearheading the legal effort to defend OUR RIGHT to FREE and FAIR ELECTIONS! Rudy Giuliani, Joseph diGenova, Victoria Toensing, Sidney Powell, and Jenna Ellis, a truly great team, added to our other wonderful lawyers and representatives”.
After the 2020 presidential election, Giuliani has filed lawsuits to overturn the election results on behalf of Trump. He made allegations of rigged voting machines, polling place fraud, and also an international communist conspiracy in his lawsuit.
This year in June 2021, his license to practice law was suspended in New York State and in the District of Columbia.
Early Life of Rudy Giuliani
Giuliani was born in the year 1944 in the East Flatbush section, in New York City’s borough of Brooklyn. He was the only child of his parents Helen née D’Avanzo and Harold Angelo Giuliani. He was brought up as a Roman Catholic.
His family relocated from Brooklyn to Garden City South when he was just seven years old. He completed his schooling at Bishop Loughlin Memorial High School and later completed his higher studies at Manhattan College in Riverdale, Bronx in political science. He later received his Juris Doctor degree from New York University School of Law in Manhattan in the year 1968.
Rudy Giuliani’s Career
After completion of his law, Giuliani started his law career as a clerk for Judge Lloyd Francis MacMahon, United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York. Giuliani has shifted his political affiliation from Democratic to Independent in the year 1975.
His first high-profile prosecution was of Bertram L. Podell who was a Democrat convicted of corruption. He was pleaded guilty to charges levied against him.
Leading newspaper publication, The Washington Post reported saying, “The trial catapulted future New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani to front-page status when, as assistant U.S. attorney, he relentlessly cross-examined an initially calm Rep. Podell. The congressman reportedly grew more flustered and eventually decided to plead guilty.”
For four years (1977- 1981) Giuliani practiced law as chief of staff at the Patterson, Belknap, Webb, and Tyler law firm to his ex-boss, Ace Tyler. During this time when Ronald Reagan was elected as president of the USA, he switched his party affiliation from Independent to Republican.
In his political career, he has been all the three possible representations of politics namely Democrat, Republic, and Independent.
A year later Giuliani was named as Associate Attorney General in the Reagan administration. This position is the third-highest position in the Department of Justice. Giuliani supervised the four agencies i.e. U.S. Attorney Offices’ federal law enforcement agencies, the Department of Corrections, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the United States Marshals Service as Associate Attorney General.
Giuliani has received many Awards and Honors in his 4 decades of political life.
— The Official Giuliani Media (@RudyCommon) October 5, 2021
Rudy Giuliani and his Personal life
He married Regina Peruggi in the year 1968 and divorced in 1982. His second marriage was with Donna Hanover in 1984 and again got separated in 2002. He later married Judith Nathan in 2003 and divorced her in 2019.
Giuliani has refused to disclose his religious practice and beliefs.
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